An Honorarium is a gratuitous payment of money (or other thing of value), to an individual, for the individual’s participation in “Usual Academic Activity”. An honorarium is provided as a token of appreciation for participation in an activity or event when no fee is legally required and not as a contractual obligation to pay for services rendered.
Usual Academic Activity
Usual academic activity is defined as an activity conducted for the benefit of Florida International University (FIU), the honorarium-paying institution, which can include the following activities: lecturing, teaching, consulting, conducting research, attending meetings, symposia, seminars, readings, performances, or otherwise sharing knowledge.
Honorarium payment processing for Non-Resident Aliens (NRA’s)
The following documents must be collected from the Honoraria recipient and submitted to the Controller’s Office / Tax Compliance Services prior to the time of service in order to authorize an Honoraria payment for a non-resident alien. The documents must be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org:
- Honorarium Letter
- Foreign National Information Form
- Copy of I-94 (or I-94W if from a visa waiver country) and Visa
- If J-1 visa, Social Security number and Copy of the DS-2019 or IAP-66
- Exchange visitors (J-1 Visas) need previous authorization from the International Office of the Institution which is sponsoring their Visa (For J-1 students, the authorization from the student’s sponsor must specify that the work is to be done under Academic Training)
- If B-1, B-2, VWB or VWT, Social Security number or Individual Taxpayer Identification number (if treaty benefits claimed). In order to access eligibility for treaty benefits applicant must request appointment by emailing email@example.com.
The honoraria recipient must also register with the Office of the Controller / Procurement Services Department using the Supplier Registration Portal and select (Honorarium – Non-Resident) as the entity type. For registration related questions, please send email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Honorarium payments to NRA’s can only be paid for an individual’s participation in “Usual Academic Activity”. There are no dollar limits in the amount given an individual to determine if this payment is an honorarium. Under U.S. Immigration Laws, no “B” visitors can perform work and/or be paid for non-employment compensation services outside the scope of the honorarium rules. Thus, honoraria payments are not wages or any other compensation for services rendered especially on a continuing basis (i.e. an artist comes to FIU to build a sculpture, thus creating a work product. That is beyond the scope of the honorarium rule if it is the work product itself that is sought, rather than a demonstration of the technique that produces the sculpture. This artist would need a work authorization in the U.S. to build the piece of art.
When analyzing potential honorarium payments, the payor (FIU) first needs to determine if the event and payment are covered by standard immigration law or the special honorarium rules exception enacted by Congress. Immigration law permits aliens with unrestricted work authorization to be self-employed and be compensated as such. This means that these individuals must be naturalized citizens, lawful permanent residents, or have Employment Authorization Cards in order to be paid an “honorarium” as compensation for such services.
The honorarium rules expand immigration law in only one way, the law allows international visitors to accept an honoraria payment as compensation for “usual academic activity” from universities and research institutions. In order for these specific honorarium rules to apply, the payee must be a visitor (an immigration law concept). The payor (FIU) must see evidence of visitor status in order to ensure that the rules are being followed. The honorarium rules do not require an SSN. A SSN is merely one type of ITIN that an honorarium payee may use for tax withholding and reporting purposes.
Honorarium Conditions for Non-Resident Aliens (NRA’s)
If all of the following conditions are met, FIU can pay an honorarium to visiting International scholars in B-1, B-2, J-1, or Visa Waiver status (VWT, VWB).
- The Honorarium must be given for a Usual Academic Activity”
- The Honorarium must be given for services conducted for the benefit of the institution
- The activity or activities can last no longer than 9 days at a single institution, and
- The international visitor other than a J-1 visa holder must not have accepted such payments from more than five institutions in the last 6-month period
- The International scholars under J-1 visa must have a written authorization from the school or research institution’s responsible officer administrating the J-1 exchange program
Non-resident aliens invited for the purpose of carrying on usual academic activities, incidental to the University’s normal academic functions, may enter the United States as a B-1 status (visitor for business), or VWB status (visitor for business- visa waiver).
Not all non-resident aliens are eligible to receive honoraria, due to immigration restrictions. Please consult with the Office of International Students Services in advance of hosting a non-resident who is not in B-1, B-2, J-1 (Student or Non-student Visa) or VWB status.[table responsive=”yes” alternate=”yes” fixed=”no” class=””]
|Visa Type||Description||Honoraria Payment||Travel Reimbursement|
|B-1 or VWB||Visitor for Business||Yes||Yes|
|B-2 or VWT||Visitor for Pleasure||Yes||No*|
- B-2s are not eligible for expense payments or reimbursements EXCEPT as incidental to honorarium activities. If a B-2 has no honorarium-covered purpose travel expenses are not permitted.
- In order to pay a J-1 visitor sponsored by another University, you must obtain written permission from that school’s “responsible officer.”
|Document/Visa||B-1 or VWB||B-2 or VWT||J-1|
|Foreign National Information Form||✔||✔||✔|
|I-94 and Visa||✔||✔||✔|
|Social Security Number and DS-2019 or IAP-66||✔|
|Employer Sponsor Authorization||✔|
|SS number or ITIN (if applicable)||✔||✔||✔|
- All payments of honoraria to non-resident aliens who come to the University must be reported to the IRS on Form 1042-S.
- All honoraria payments to non-resident aliens shall be taxed at a 30% rate, unless exempted by a tax treaty.
- In order to claim a tax treaty exemption from tax withholding, the non-resident alien must be from a country, which has a treaty with the United States that has a teacher/researcher. The applicant must request appointment by emailing email@example.com in order to access eligibility.
- J-1’s must have a Social Security Number (SSN) or must apply for one at the local Social Security Office and they must have permission from the International Office of the Institution which sponsored them
- IAP-66 or DS-2019.
- If the visitor does not have an SSN or ITIN, prior to the request for payment, treaty benefits cannot be applied, and the payment shall be taxed at 30%.